Generic Name: arisaema triphyllum root, viola tricolor, comocladia dentata bark/leaf, chamomile and artemisia cina flower granule



Generic Name: epinephrine (Injection route)

ep-i-NEF-rin

Commonly used brand name(s)

In the U.S.

Adrenaclick Adrenalin Adrenalin Chloride Epipen Epipen Jr Twinject

Available Dosage Forms:

Injectable Solution

Therapeutic Class: Anaphylaxis Agent

Pharmacologic Class: Adrenergic

Chemical Class: Alkylarylamine

Uses For Adrenalin

Epinephrine injection is used for emergency treatment of severe allergic reactions (including anaphylaxis) to insect bites or stings, medicines, foods, or other substances. It is also used to treat anaphylaxis caused by unknown substances or triggered by exercise.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using Adrenalin

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

No information is available on the relationship of age to the effects of epinephrine injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

No information is available on the relationship of age to the effects of epinephrine injection in geriatric patients. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related heart disease which may require caution in patients receiving epinephrine injection.

Pregnancy Pregnancy Category Explanation All Trimesters C Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women. Breast Feeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

Dihydroergotamine Isocarboxazid Linezolid Phenelzine Tranylcypromine

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Amitriptyline Amoxapine Bucindolol Carteolol Carvedilol Clomipramine Desipramine Dilevalol Dothiepin Doxepin Entacapone Halothane Imipramine Levobunolol Lofepramine Metipranolol Nadolol Nortriptyline Opipramol Oxprenolol Penbutolol Pindolol Propranolol Protriptyline Rasagiline Sotalol Tertatolol Timolol Trimipramine

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Labetalol Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

Angina pectoris (severe chest pain) or Blood vessel problems or Diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes) or Heart attack or Heart disease or Heart rhythm problems or Hypertension (high blood pressure) or Overactive thyroid or Parkinson's disease—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse. Proper Use of epinephrine

This section provides information on the proper use of a number of products that contain epinephrine. It may not be specific to Adrenalin. Please read with care.

Use this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered.

If you are using this medicine at home, make sure you or any of your family members understand exactly how to give them. Also, tell your doctor if you or your caregiver has severe arthritis of the hands. If you have any questions about this, check with your doctor.

This medicine is injected under your skin or into the muscle of your outer thigh only. Do not inject this medicine into a vein or into the muscle of your buttocks. To do so, may increase the chance of having serious side effects.

This medicine comes with patient instructions. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

This medicine comes in an auto-injector syringe and needle kit that contains the correct dose of medicine your doctor has prescribed.

You may need to use more than one injection if your allergic reaction does not get better after the first shot.

Carry this medicine with you at all times for emergency use in case you have a severe allergic reaction.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

For injection dosage form: For allergic reactions: Adults and children weighing above 30 kilograms (66 pounds)—0.3 milligram (mg) injected under the skin or into the muscle of your thigh. Adults and children weighing 15 to 30 kilograms (33 to 66 pounds)—0.15 milligram (mg) injected under the skin or into the muscle of your thigh. Storage

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Store the injection kits at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Do not store the medicine in the refrigerator or freezer. Keep the auto-injector in its case or tube.

Check the injection kits regularly to make sure that the liquid has not changed its color. Do not use this medicine if the liquid has changed its color, or if there are solids in the liquid.

Do not reuse the remaining portion of the medicine that is left in the auto-injector. Throw away the auto-injector after you have used it.

Precautions While Using Adrenalin

If your symptoms do not improve within a few days or if they become worse, check with your doctor.

Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening reaction and requires immediate medical attention. Check with your doctor right away, or go to an emergency room as soon as possible, even if you feel better after using this medicine.

This medicine may affect blood sugar levels. If you notice a change in the results of your blood or urine sugar tests or if you have any questions, check with your doctor.

Do not inject this medicine into your hands or feet. There is already less blood flow to the hands and feet, and epinephrine could make that worse and cause damage to these tissues. If you accidentally inject epinephrine into your hands or feet, check with your doctor or go to the hospital emergency room right away.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.

Adrenalin Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Incidence not known Abnormal or decreased touch sensation arm, back or jaw pain bleeding, blistering, burning, coldness, discoloration of the skin, feeling of pressure, hives, infection, inflammation, itching, lumps, numbness, pain, rash, redness, scarring, soreness, stinging, swelling, tenderness, tingling, ulceration, or warmth at the injection site blurred vision chest pain or discomfort chest tightness or heaviness dizziness fainting fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse fear or nervousness headache nausea or vomiting paleness of the skin pounding in the ears restlessness shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet shortness of breath slow or fast heartbeat stroke sweating trembling or shaking of the hands or feet troubled breathing unusual tiredness or weakness wheezing

Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:

Symptoms of overdose Agitation coldness of the skin coma confusion decreased urine output depression drowsiness hostility irritability lethargy lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting muscle twitching pounding, slow heartbeat rapid weight gain rapid, deep breathing seizures stomach cramps stupor swelling of the face, ankles, or hands

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

See also: Adrenalin Injection side effects (in more detail)

The information contained in the Thomson Reuters Micromedex products as delivered by Drugs.com is intended as an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatment. It is not a substitute for a medical exam, nor does it replace the need for services provided by medical professionals. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before taking any prescription or over the counter drugs (including any herbal medicines or supplements) or following any treatment or regimen. Only your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist can provide you with advice on what is safe and effective for you.

The use of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare products is at your sole risk. These products are provided "AS IS" and "as available" for use, without warranties of any kind, either express or implied. Thomson Reuters Healthcare and Drugs.com make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, timeliness, usefulness or completeness of any of the information contained in the products. Additionally, THOMSON REUTERS HEALTHCARE MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTIES AS TO THE OPINIONS OR OTHER SERVICE OR DATA YOU MAY ACCESS, DOWNLOAD OR USE AS A RESULT OF USE OF THE THOMSON REUTERS HEALTHCARE PRODUCTS. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED. Thomson Reuters Healthcare does not assume any responsibility or risk for your use of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare products.

More Adrenalin Injection resources Adrenalin Injection Side Effects (in more detail) Adrenalin Injection Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Adrenalin Injection Drug Interactions Adrenalin Injection Support Group 0 Reviews for Adrenalin Injection - Add your own review/rating Compare Adrenalin Injection with other medications Adams-Stokes Syndrome Allergic Reactions Asthma, acute Asystole AV Heart Block COPD, Acute Electromechanical Dissociation Shock



Pronunciation: am-FET-a-meen/DEX-troe-am-FET-a-meen



Pronunciation: MOX-i-FLOX-a-sin



Pronunciation: AL-teh-PLACE



nedocromil sodium



Definition of Acromegaly: Acromegaly is a chronic metabolic disorder caused by the presence of too much growth hormone. It results in gradual enlargement of body tissues including the bones of the face, jaw, hands, feet, and skull.

Drugs associated with Acromegaly

The following drugs and medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of Acromegaly. This service should be used as a supplement to, and NOT a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners.

Learn more about Acromegaly

Medical Encyclopedia:

Acromegaly



Pronunciation: ah-seet-ah-MIN-oh-fen/klor-fen-EER-a-meen/fen-ill-EF-rin



Generic Name: ketorolac ophthalmic (KEE toe ROLE ak)



a-TOE-va-kwone

Commonly used brand name(s)

In the U.S.

Mepron

Available Dosage Forms:

Tablet Suspension

Therapeutic Class: Antiprotozoal

Chemical Class: Ubiquinone

Uses For atovaquone

Atovaquone is used to treat and to prevent Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), a very serious kind of pneumonia. This particular kind of pneumonia occurs commonly in patients whose immune systems are not working normally, such as cancer patients, transplant patients, and patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

atovaquone is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using atovaquone

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For atovaquone, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to atovaquone or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of atovaquone in children 1 month to 13 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established .

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatrics-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of atovaquone in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related liver, kidney, or heart problems which may require an adjustment of dosage in patients receiving atovaquone .

Pregnancy Pregnancy Category Explanation All Trimesters C Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women. Breast Feeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking atovaquone, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using atovaquone with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Rifampin

Using atovaquone with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Indinavir Rifabutin Tetracycline Warfarin Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of atovaquone. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

Liver disease, severe or Stomach or intestinal disorders—Atovaquone may not work properly in patients with these conditions . Proper Use of atovaquone

Make certain your doctor knows if you are on any special diet. atovaquone must be taken with balanced meals so that it can work properly.

It is important that you take atovaquone with a balanced meal. This is to make sure the medicine is fully absorbed into the body and will work properly.

Atovaquone tablets may be crushed if necessary to make it easier to swallow.

Because atovaquone tablets and oral suspension do not produce the same amount of medicine in the blood, the tablets and the suspension cannot be switched and used in place of each other.

For patients taking the oral liquid form of atovaquone:

Shake the bottle gently before using atovaquone. atovaquone is to be taken by mouth. Use a specially marked measuring spoon or other device to measure each dose accurately. The average household teaspoon may not hold the right amount of liquid. Do not use after the expiration date on the label since the medicine may not work properly after that date. Check with your pharmacist if you have any questions about this .

To help clear up your infection completely, keep taking your medicine for the full time of treatment, even if you begin to feel better after a few days. If you stop taking atovaquone too soon, your symptoms may return.

Atovaquone works best when there is a constant amount in the blood. To help keep the amount constant, do not miss any doses.

Dosing

The dose of atovaquone will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of atovaquone. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

For prevention of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP): For oral dosage form (suspension): Adults and teenagers—1,500 milligrams (mg) or 10 milliliters (mL) once a day with a meal. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor . For treatment of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP): For oral dosage form (suspension): Adults and teenagers—750 milligrams (mg) or 5 milliliters (mL) taken with a meal two times a day for 21 days. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor . For oral dosage form (tablets): Adults and teenagers—750 milligrams (mg) taken with a meal three times a day for 21 days. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of atovaquone, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions While Using atovaquone

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure that atovaquone is working properly. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects .

If your symptoms do not improve within a few days, or if they become worse, check with your doctor.

atovaquone Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common Cough or hoarseness difficult or labored breathing fever or chills lower back or side pain painful or difficult urination shortness of breath tightness in chest wheezing Incidence not known Black, tarry stools bleeding gums bloating blood in urine or stools bluish-colored lips, fingernails, or palms constipation dark urine dizziness or lightheadedness fast heartbeat headache indigestion large, hive-like swelling on face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs light-colored stools loss of appetite nausea noisy breathing pains in stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back pale skin pinpoint red spots on skin rapid heart rate sore throat unusual bleeding or bruising unusual tiredness or weakness vomiting yellow eyes or skin

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common Abdominal or stomach pain diarrhea lack or loss of strength runny nose skin rash sleeplessness sneezing sore mouth or tongue stuffy nose sweating trouble in sleeping unable to sleep white patches in mouth, tongue, or throat Incidence not known Blistering, peeling, or loosening of skin eye irritation or redness itching joint or muscle pain red skin lesions, often with a purple center skin rash

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

See also: atovaquone side effects (in more detail)

The information contained in the Thomson Reuters Micromedex products as delivered by Drugs.com is intended as an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatment. It is not a substitute for a medical exam, nor does it replace the need for services provided by medical professionals. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before taking any prescription or over the counter drugs (including any herbal medicines or supplements) or following any treatment or regimen. Only your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist can provide you with advice on what is safe and effective for you.

The use of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare products is at your sole risk. These products are provided "AS IS" and "as available" for use, without warranties of any kind, either express or implied. Thomson Reuters Healthcare and Drugs.com make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, timeliness, usefulness or completeness of any of the information contained in the products. Additionally, THOMSON REUTERS HEALTHCARE MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTIES AS TO THE OPINIONS OR OTHER SERVICE OR DATA YOU MAY ACCESS, DOWNLOAD OR USE AS A RESULT OF USE OF THE THOMSON REUTERS HEALTHCARE PRODUCTS. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED. Thomson Reuters Healthcare does not assume any responsibility or risk for your use of the Thomson Reuters Healthcare products.

More atovaquone resources Atovaquone Side Effects (in more detail) Atovaquone Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Atovaquone Drug Interactions Atovaquone Support Group 1 Review for Atovaquone - Add your own review/rating atovaquone Concise Consumer Information (Cerner Multum) Atovaquone MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer) Atovaquone Monograph (AHFS DI) Atovaquone Professional Patient Advice (Wolters Kluwer) Atovaquone and Proguanil Hydrochloride Monograph (AHFS DI) Mepron Prescribing Information (FDA) Compare atovaquone with other medications Babesiosis Malaria Pneumocystis Pneumonia Pneumocystis Pneumonia Prophylaxis Toxoplasmosis



Definition of Atrial Fibrillation:

A condition where there is disorganised electrical conduction in the atria, resulting in ineffective pumping of blood into the ventricle.

Acronym: AF

Drugs associated with Atrial Fibrillation

The following drugs and medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of Atrial Fibrillation. This service should be used as a supplement to, and NOT a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners.

See sub-topics

Topics under Atrial Fibrillation Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation (24 drugs) Learn more about Atrial Fibrillation

Medical Encyclopedia:

Atrial fibrillation/flutter

Harvard Health Guide:

Symptoms and treatment for Atrial Fibrillation



Pronunciation: eye-OH-doe-KWIN-ol/AL-oh



Class: Disease-modifying Antirheumatic Agents



Generic Name: quinapril (KWIN a pril)



Generic Name: adapalene and benzoyl peroxide (topical) (a DAP a leen and BEN zoyl per OX ide)



Pronunciation: doe-LAS-e-tron



Generic Name: emtricitabine and tenofovir (em trye SYE ta been and ten OF oh vir)



azelaic acid



Pronunciation: TRY-am-SIN-oh-lone ah-SEE-toe-nide



Generic Name: abacavir and lamivudine (a BAK a veer and la MIV yoo deen)



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