Sex hormones


Sex hormones are steroid hormones that are mainly produced by the testes or the ovaries. Sex hormones are responsible for controlling reproductive function and sexual development. Estrogens and progestins are female sex hormones and androgens are male sex hormones.

See also 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors androgens and anabolic steroids contraceptives estrogens gonadotropin releasing hormones gonadotropins hormone replacement therapy miscellaneous sex hormones progestins sex hormone combinations Drug List:
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Sexual Disorders Medications


Topics under Sexual Disorders Erectile Dysfunction (16 drugs) Hypersexuality State (0 drugs) Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (0 drugs) Premature Ejaculation (1 drug)
Drug List:
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases Medications


Definition of Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that you can get from having sex with someone who has the infection. The causes of STDs are bacteria, parasites and viruses.

Topics under Sexually Transmitted Diseases Chlamydia Infection (66 drugs in 3 topics) Gonococcal Infection (41 drugs in 3 topics) Herpes Simplex (34 drugs in 8 topics) HIV Infection (53 drugs) Human Papilloma Virus (17 drugs in 4 topics) Syphilis (94 drugs in 10 topics) Trichomoniasis (5 drugs) Learn more about Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Harvard Health Guide:

Symptoms and treatment for Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Drug List:
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Sex hormone combinations


A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.

Sex hormone combinations are products that contain more than one sex hormone, either estrogen and progestin or estrogen and androgen.

Estrogens are a group of hormones that are synthesized mainly by the ovaries and a small amount is synthesized by the testes in males and by the adrenal cortex in both sexes. The placenta produces a fairly large amount of estrogen as well. The three main endogenous estrogens are estradiol, estriol and estrone.

Progestins are a group of naturally occurring or synthetic steroid hormones. The naturally occurring progestin is progesterone, which is secreted by the corpus luteum of the ovary, the placenta and also (in small amounts) by the adrenal cortex and testes. It prepares the inner lining of the uterus for pregnancy, and if pregnancy occurs it maintains the uterus through the pregnancy and prevents ovulation by the ovaries during pregnancy.

Androgens are steroid hormones that stimulate development of male sex organs and sexual characteristics. Androgens are mainly released by the testes and small amounts are released by the adrenal cortex and ovaries.

The combinations, which have estrogen and progestin are used as birth control or to treat menopausal symptoms. Combinations with estrogen and androgen are used control menopausal symptoms.

See also

Medical conditions associated with sex hormone combinations:

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Acne Atrophic Urethritis Atrophic Vaginitis Birth Control Endometriosis Gonadotropin Inhibition Hot Flashes Hypoestrogenism Menopausal Disorders Menstrual Disorders Oophorectomy Osteoporosis Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Postmenopausal Symptoms Prevention of Osteoporosis Primary Ovarian Failure Drug List: Estratest Junel-1-5-30 Norinyl-1-35 Zeosa Estratest-H-S Ortho-Novum-1-35 Angeliq Loestrin-1-20 Ovcon-35 Necon-1-35 Ortho-Novum-7-7-7 Activella Aranelle Gildess-Fe-1-5-0-03 Modicon Tri-Legest-Fe Junel-1-20 Femcon-Fe-Chewable-Tablets Lo-Loestrin-Fe Microgestin-1-20 Microgestin-Fe-1-5-30 Loestrin_24_Fe Climara_Pro Femhrt Junel-Fe-1-5-30 Junel-Fe-1-20 Microgestin-Fe-1-20 Prempro Necon-7-7-7 Briellyn Nortrel-7-7-7 Loestrin-Fe-1-20 Nortrel-1-35 Covaryx Loestrin-21-1-20 Balziva Brevicon Combipatch-Patch-Bi-Weekly Covaryx-Hs Cyclafem-1-35 Cyclafem-7-7-7 Eemt Eemt-Ds Eemt-Hs Essian Essian-H-S Estrostep-Fe Generess-Fe Genora-1-35 Gildess-Fe-1-0-2 Jenest Jevantique Jinteli Leena Loestrin-21-1-5-30 Loestrin-Fe-1-5-30 Lunelle Menogen Microgestin-1-5-30 Mimvey Necon-0-5-35 Necon-10-11 Nelova-0-5-35 Norethin-1-35-E Nortrel-0-5-35 Ovcon-35-Fe Ovcon-50 Prefest Premphase Syntest-Ds Syntest-Hs Tilia-Fe Tri-Legest Tri-Norinyl Zenchent Zenchent-Fe
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Fluphenazine Decanoate


Pronunciation: floo-FEN-a-zeen
Generic Name: Fluphenazine Decanoate
Brand Name: Generic only. No brands available.

Fluphenazine Decanoate is an antipsychotic. It may increase the risk of death when used to treat mental problems caused by dementia in elderly patients. Most of the deaths were linked to heart problems or infection. Fluphenazine Decanoate is not approved to treat mental problems caused by dementia. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.


Fluphenazine Decanoate is used for:

Long-acting treatment of certain mental or mood disorders (eg, schizophrenia). It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Fluphenazine Decanoate is a phenothiazine. It is not known exactly how it works.

Do NOT use Fluphenazine Decanoate if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Fluphenazine Decanoate or to other phenothiazines (eg, thioridazine) you have certain types of brain damage, liver damage, severe drowsiness, or blood problems you have recently taken large amounts of alcohol or medicines that may cause drowsiness, such as barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital) or narcotic pain medicines (eg, codeine) you are taking astemizole, cabergoline, cisapride, metoclopramide, pergolide, terfenadine, or tramadol

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Fluphenazine Decanoate:

Some medical conditions may interact with Fluphenazine Decanoate. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have developed severe side effects (eg, blood problems, yellowing of the skin or eyes) while taking another phenothiazine (eg, thioridazine) if you have a history of heart problems (eg, angina, mitral valve problems), high or low blood pressure, blood problems (eg, anemia), bone marrow problems (eg, low white blood cell count), diabetes, liver problems (eg, cirrhosis), kidney problems, neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS), tardive dyskinesia (TD), an enlarged prostate gland, seizures, trouble urinating, mental or mood problems (eg, depression), or an adrenal gland tumor (eg, pheochromocytoma) if you have asthma, a lung infection, or other lung or breathing problems (eg, emphysema); or increased pressure in the eyes or glaucoma, or if you are at risk of glaucoma if you have Alzheimer disease, dementia, Parkinson disease, or Reye syndrome if you have had high blood prolactin levels or a history of certain types of cancer (eg, breast, pancreas, pituitary, brain), or if you are at risk of breast cancer if you are in poor health or are regularly exposed to extreme heat or certain insecticides (organophosphorus insecticides) if you have a history of alcohol abuse, drink alcohol, or are in alcohol withdrawal if you take any medicine that may increase the risk of a certain type of irregular heartbeat (prolonged QT interval). Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure if any of your medicines may increase the risk of this type of irregular heartbeat

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Fluphenazine Decanoate. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Many prescription and nonprescription medicines (eg, used for allergies, blood clotting problems, cancer, infections, inflammation, aches and pains, heart problems, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, irregular heartbeat, mental or mood problems, nausea or vomiting, Parkinson disease, seizures, stomach or bowel problems, overactive bladder), multivitamin products, and herbal or dietary supplements (eg, herbal teas, coenzyme Q10, garlic, ginseng, gingko, St. John's wort) may interact with Fluphenazine Decanoate. Ask your doctor if you are unsure if any of your medicines may interact with Fluphenazine Decanoate

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Fluphenazine Decanoate may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Fluphenazine Decanoate:

Use Fluphenazine Decanoate as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Fluphenazine Decanoate is a long-acting injection. Closely follow the dosing schedule provided by your doctor. Fluphenazine Decanoate is usually given as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic. If you will be using Fluphenazine Decanoate at home, a health care provider will teach you how to use it. Be sure you understand how to use Fluphenazine Decanoate. Follow the procedures you are taught when you use a dose. Contact your health care provider if you have any questions. Do not use Fluphenazine Decanoate if it contains particles, is cloudy or discolored, or if the vial is cracked or damaged. Do not suddenly stop using Fluphenazine Decanoate. You may have an increased risk of side effects. If you need to stop Fluphenazine Decanoate, your doctor will gradually lower your dose. Keep this product, as well as syringes and needles, out of the reach of children and pets. Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials. Ask your health care provider how to dispose of these materials after use. Follow all local rules for disposal. Continue to use Fluphenazine Decanoate even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses. If you miss a dose of Fluphenazine Decanoate, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Fluphenazine Decanoate.

Important safety information: Fluphenazine Decanoate may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Fluphenazine Decanoate with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. Fluphenazine Decanoate may cause dizziness, light-headedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects. Do NOT take more than the recommended dose without checking with your doctor. Do not drink alcohol while you are using Fluphenazine Decanoate. Check with your doctor before you use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Fluphenazine Decanoate; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness. Do not become overheated in hot weather or while you are being active; heatstroke may occur. Fluphenazine Decanoate may cause you to become sunburned more easily. Avoid the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to Fluphenazine Decanoate. Use a sunscreen or wear protective clothing if you must be outside for more than a short time. Fluphenazine Decanoate may lower the ability of your body to fight infection. Avoid contact with people who have colds or infections. Tell your doctor if you notice signs of infection like fever, sore throat, rash, or chills. Some patients who take Fluphenazine Decanoate may develop muscle movements that they cannot control. This is more likely to happen in elderly patients, especially women. The chance that this will happen or that it will become permanent is greater in those who take Fluphenazine Decanoate in higher doses or for a long time. Muscle problems may also occur after short-term treatment with low doses. Tell your doctor at once if you have muscle problems with your arms; legs; or your tongue, face, mouth, or jaw (eg, tongue sticking out, puffing of cheeks, mouth puckering, chewing movements) while taking Fluphenazine Decanoate. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a possibly fatal syndrome that can be caused by Fluphenazine Decanoate. Symptoms may include fever; stiff muscles; confusion; abnormal thinking; fast or irregular heartbeat; and sweating. Contact your doctor at once if you have any of these symptoms. Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Fluphenazine Decanoate before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery. Fluphenazine Decanoate may increase the amount of a certain hormone (prolactin) in your blood. Symptoms may include enlarged breasts, missed menstrual period, decreased sexual ability, or nipple discharge. Contact your doctor right away if you experience any of these symptoms. Diabetes patients - Fluphenazine Decanoate may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine. Fluphenazine Decanoate may cause the results of some pregnancy tests to be wrong. Check with your doctor if you have questions or concerns about your pregnancy test results. Fluphenazine Decanoate may interfere with certain lab tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are taking Fluphenazine Decanoate. Lab tests, including liver and kidney function tests, complete blood cell counts, and eye exams, may be performed while you use Fluphenazine Decanoate. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments. Use Fluphenazine Decanoate with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially confusion; dizziness or light-headedness, especially upon standing; drowsiness; fainting; trouble urinating; uncontrolled muscle movements; and constipation. Fluphenazine Decanoate should not be used in CHILDREN younger than 12 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Fluphenazine Decanoate while pregnant. Using Fluphenazine Decanoate during the third trimester may result in uncontrolled muscle movements or withdrawal symptoms in the newborn. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor. Fluphenazine Decanoate is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Fluphenazine Decanoate.

If you suddenly stop taking Fluphenazine Decanoate, you may experience WITHDRAWAL symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, dizziness, stomach upset, and tremors.

Possible side effects of Fluphenazine Decanoate:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Agitation; constipation; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; enlarged pupils; headache; jitteriness; loss of appetite; nausea; stuffy nose.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest or throat; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness; wheezing); chest pain; confusion; decreased coordination; drooling; fainting; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; mask-like face; muscle spasms of the face, neck, or back; muscle weakness; new or worsening mental or mood problems; numbness of an arm or leg; prolonged or painful erection; restlessness; seizures; severe or persistent constipation; severe or persistent dizziness, drowsiness, or headache; shuffling walk; sleeplessness; stiff or rigid muscles; sudden shortness of breath or vomiting; swelling of the hands, ankles, or feet; symptoms of infection (eg, fever, chills, persistent sore throat); symptoms of liver problems (eg, yellowing of the skin or eyes; dark urine; pale stools; severe or persistent nausea, stomach pain, or loss of appetite); tremors; trouble urinating; twisting or twitching movements; uncontrolled muscle movements (eg, twitching of the face or tongue; loss of balance; uncontrolled movements of arms or legs; trouble speaking, breathing, or swallowing); unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual eye movements or inability to move eyes; unusual or excessive sweating; unusual tiredness or weakness; unusually pale skin; vision changes (eg, blurred vision).

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Fluphenazine Decanoate side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include agitation; coma; confusion; difficulty breathing; fainting; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; loss of consciousness; muscle spasms or uncontrolled muscle movements; restlessness; seizures; severe constipation or stomach pain; severe drowsiness or dizziness; tremors; or trouble urinating.

Proper storage of Fluphenazine Decanoate:

Fluphenazine Decanoate is usually handled and stored by a health care provider. If you are using Fluphenazine Decanoate at home, store Fluphenazine Decanoate as directed by your pharmacist or health care provider. Keep Fluphenazine Decanoate out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Fluphenazine Decanoate, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Fluphenazine Decanoate is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Fluphenazine Decanoate. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Fluphenazine Decanoate resources Fluphenazine Decanoate Side Effects (in more detail) Fluphenazine Decanoate Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Drug Images Fluphenazine Decanoate Drug Interactions Fluphenazine Decanoate Support Group 2 Reviews for Fluphenazine Decanoate - Add your own review/rating Fluphenazine Professional Patient Advice (Wolters Kluwer) Prolixin Prescribing Information (FDA) Prolixin Concise Consumer Information (Cerner Multum) Prolixin Decanoate Prescribing Information (FDA) fluphenazine Concise Consumer Information (Cerner Multum) fluphenazine decanoate Monograph (AHFS DI) Compare Fluphenazine Decanoate with other medications Psychosis
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Intelence


Pronunciation: E-tra-VIR-een
Generic Name: Etravirine
Brand Name: Intelence
Intelence is used for:

Treating HIV infection in certain patients. It is used in combination with other medicines.

Intelence is a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI). It works by blocking the growth of HIV.

Do NOT use Intelence if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Intelence you are taking another NNRTI (eg, efavirenz) you are taking certain protease inhibitors (eg, indinavir) without ritonavir you are taking delavirdine, certain doses of ritonavir, or certain protease inhibitor and ritonavir combinations (eg, tipranavir/ritonavir, atazanavir/ritonavir) you are taking a barbiturate (eg, phenobarbital), carbamazepine, a hydantoin (eg, phenytoin), rifampin, rifapentine, or St. John's wort

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Intelence:

Some medical conditions may interact with Intelence. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you are of childbearing age if you have a history of liver problems (eg, hepatitis), diabetes, or high blood cholesterol

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Intelence. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Delavirdine because it may increase the risk of Intelence's side effects Barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital), carbamazepine, hydantoins (eg, phenytoin), other NNRTIs (eg, efavirenz), protease inhibitor and ritonavir combinations (eg, tipranavir/ritonavir), protease inhibitors (eg, indinavir), rifamycins (eg, rifampin, rifapentine), certain doses of ritonavir, or St. John's wort because they may decrease Intelence's effectiveness Atazanavir/ritonavir because its effectiveness may be decreased by Intelence and it may increase the risk of Intelence's side effects Fosamprenavir/ritonavir because the risk of its side effects may be increased by Intelence Many prescription and nonprescription medicines (eg, used for anxiety, erectile problems, irregular heartbeat, other heart problems, bacterial infections, fungal infections, immune suppression, inflammation, aches and pains, high cholesterol, HIV, narcotic or other substance dependence and withdrawal, seizures, thinning the blood), multivitamin products, and herbal or dietary supplements (eg, herbal teas, coenzyme Q10, garlic, ginseng, ginkgo, St. John's wort) may interact with Intelence. This may decrease their effectiveness, increase the risk of their side effects, decrease Intelence's effectiveness, or increase the risk of the medicine's side effects

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Intelence may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Intelence:

Use Intelence as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

An extra patient leaflet is available with Intelence. Talk to your pharmacist if you have questions about this information. Take Intelence by mouth following a meal. Swallow Intelence whole with a liquid such as water. Do not chew before swallowing. If you cannot swallow the tablet whole, you may mix it in a glass of water. Stir well until the water looks milky, and then drink all of the liquid right away. Rinse the glass with water several times and completely swallow the rinse each time to ensure the entire dose is taken. Do not store the mixture for future use. Taking Intelence at the same time each day will help you remember to take it. Continue to use Intelence even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses. If you miss a dose of Intelence by less than 6 hours, take the missed dose as soon as possible following a meal, then go back to your regular dosing schedule. If you miss your dose by more than 6 hours, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Intelence.

Important safety information: Intelence may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Intelence with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. Do not change your dose or stop taking Intelence without talking to your doctor first. Intelence is not a cure for HIV infection. Patients may still get illnesses and infections associated with HIV. Remain under the care of your doctor. When your medicine supply is low, get more from your doctor or pharmacist as soon as you can. Do not stop taking Intelence, even for a short period of time. If you do, the virus may grow resistant to the medicine and become harder to treat. Intelence does not stop the spread of HIV to others through blood or sexual contact. Use barrier methods of birth control (eg, condoms) if you have HIV infection. Do not share needles, injection supplies, or items like toothbrushes or razors. Changes in body fat (eg, an increased amount of fat in the upper back, neck, breast, and trunk, and loss of fat from the legs, arms, and face) may occur in some patients taking Intelence. The cause and long-term effects of these changes are unknown. Discuss any concerns with your doctor. Intelence may improve immune system function. This may reveal hidden infections in some patients. Tell your doctor right away if you notice symptoms of infection (eg, fever, sore throat, weakness, cough, shortness of breath) after you start Intelence. Intelence may cause serious, potentially life-threatening, and fatal skin reactions. The risk may be greater in women. Symptoms may include red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; severe rash or rash with fever, mouth sores, red and irritated eyes, or swelling of the face; muscle or joint pain; unusual tiredness; or unusual hoarseness. These reactions can sometimes be associated with organ failure (eg, liver failure). Contact your doctor at once if you develop a rash or any of these symptoms. Lab tests, including liver function, CD4 count, complete blood cell counts, and blood cholesterol, may be performed while you use Intelence. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments. Intelence should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Intelence while you are pregnant. It is not known if Intelence is found in breast milk. Mothers infected with HIV should not breast-feed. There is a risk of passing HIV infection or Intelence to the baby. Possible side effects of Intelence:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Mild burning, numbness, or tingling of the arms, hands, legs, or feet.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the eyes, mouth, face, lips, throat, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); bloody vomit or vomit that looks like coffee grounds; blurred vision or other vision changes; change in amount of urine; chest, jaw, or left arm pain; dark urine; fainting; fever or general feeling of being unwell; irregular heartbeat; joint pain; loss of appetite; mood or mental changes (eg, anxiety, confusion, memory loss); muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness; pale stools; persistent burning, numbness, pain, or tingling of the arms, legs, hands, or feet; reddened, blistered, swollen, or peeling skin; seizures; severe or persistent dizziness, drowsiness, or headache; severe rash or rash with fever, mouth sores, or red and irritated eyes; severe stomach pain with or without nausea and vomiting; shortness of breath; unusual tiredness or weakness; yellowing of the skin or eyes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Intelence side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Intelence:

Store Intelence between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store in original bottle, away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not remove the desiccant pouches from the bottle. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Intelence out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Intelence, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Intelence is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Intelence. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Intelence resources Intelence Side Effects (in more detail) Intelence Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Intelence Drug Interactions Intelence Support Group 0 Reviews for Intelence - Add your own review/rating Intelence Prescribing Information (FDA) Intelence Consumer Overview Intelence Monograph (AHFS DI) Intelence Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information Etravirine Professional Patient Advice (Wolters Kluwer) Compare Intelence with other medications HIV Infection
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Fosamprenavir Suspension


Pronunciation: FOS-am-PREN-a-vir
Generic Name: Fosamprenavir
Brand Name: Lexiva
Fosamprenavir Suspension is used for:

Treating HIV infection in some patients when used in combination with certain other medicines.

Fosamprenavir Suspension is an HIV protease inhibitor. It works by slowing the growth of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

Do NOT use Fosamprenavir Suspension if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Fosamprenavir Suspension or to amprenavir you are taking alfuzosin, amprenavir, astemizole, cisapride, conivaptan, delavirdine, erythromycin, an ergot medicine (eg, ergotamine), pimozide, rifampin, salmeterol, St. John's wort, or terfenadine you are taking a hormonal contraceptive (eg, birth control pills), certain benzodiazepines (eg, midazolam, triazolam), or certain HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (eg, lovastatin, simvastatin) you are taking sildenafil for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) you are taking flecainide or propafenone along with ritonavir

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Fosamprenavir Suspension:

Some medical conditions may interact with Fosamprenavir Suspension. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have had a severe allergic reaction (eg, a severe rash, hives, itching, breathing difficulties, or dizziness) to a sulfonamide medicine such as acetazolamide, celecoxib, certain diuretics (eg, hydrochlorothiazide), glyburide, probenecid, sulfamethoxazole, valdecoxib, or zonisamide if you have liver problems, hepatitis, or a history of abnormal liver function tests if you have a history of heart problems, high blood pressure, kidney problems, diabetes, bleeding problems (eg, hemophilia), high blood cholesterol or lipid levels, or a skin rash if you smoke

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Fosamprenavir Suspension. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Astemizole, cisapride, ergot medicines (eg, ergotamine), erythromycin, pimozide, salmeterol, or terfenadine because serious side effects, such as seizures, blood vessel problems, or heart problems (eg, irregular heartbeat), may occur Flecainide or propafenone along with ritonavirbecause serious heart problems (eg, irregular heartbeat) may occur Alfuzosin because the risk of severe low blood pressure may be increased Certain benzodiazepines (eg, midazolam, triazolam) because serious side effects, such as increased or prolonged sedation or breathing problems, may occur Hormonal contraceptives (eg, birth control pills), especially if taken along with ritonavir, because their effectiveness may be decreased and liver problems may occur Amprenavir because it may increase the risk of Fosamprenavir Suspension's side effects Rifampin or St. John's wort because they may decrease Fosamprenavir Suspension's effectiveness Conivaptan, certain HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (eg, lovastatin, simvastatin), ranolazine, or sildenafil (when used for PAH) because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Fosamprenavir Suspension Delavirdine because its effectiveness may be decreased by Fosamprenavir Suspension Many prescription and nonprescription medicines (eg, used for cancer, infections, asthma, immune suppression, inflammation, aches and pains, gout, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart problems, irregular heartbeat, angina, blood clotting problems, mood or mental problems, sinus problems, stomach problems or indigestion, erectile dysfunction, PAH, seizures, sleeping problems, urinary problems, HIV infection), multivitamin products, and herbal or dietary supplements (eg, herbal teas, coenzyme Q10, garlic, ginseng, ginkgo) may interact with Fosamprenavir Suspension, increasing the risk of side effects

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Fosamprenavir Suspension may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Fosamprenavir Suspension:

Use Fosamprenavir Suspension as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

An extra patient leaflet is available with Fosamprenavir Suspension. Talk to your pharmacist if you have questions about this information. Adults should take Fosamprenavir Suspension by mouth without food. Children should take Fosamprenavir Suspension by mouth with food. If vomiting occurs within 30 minutes after taking Fosamprenavir Suspension, the dose should be taken again. Shake well before each use. Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. You may refrigerate Fosamprenavir Suspension to help improve the taste. Do not freeze. If you take an aluminum- or magnesium-containing antacid, ask your doctor or pharmacist how to take it with Fosamprenavir Suspension. Do not change your dose or stop taking Fosamprenavir Suspension without talking with your doctor first. Continue to take Fosamprenavir Suspension even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses. Taking Fosamprenavir Suspension at the same time(s) each day will help you remember to take it. It is important to not miss any doses of Fosamprenavir Suspension. If you miss a dose of Fosamprenavir Suspension, take it as soon as you remember. If you miss a dose of Fosamprenavir Suspension by more than 4 hours, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Fosamprenavir Suspension.

Important safety information: Do not take more than the recommended dose without checking with your doctor. Fosamprenavir Suspension is not a cure for HIV infection. Patients may still get illnesses and infections associated with HIV. Remain under the care of your doctor. Fosamprenavir Suspension does not stop the spread of HIV to others through blood or sexual contact. Use barrier forms of birth control (eg, condoms) if you have HIV infection. Do not share needles, injection supplies, or items like toothbrushes or razors. When your medicine supply is low, get more from your doctor or pharmacist as soon as you can. Do not stop taking Fosamprenavir Suspension, even for a short period of time. If you do, the virus may grow resistant to the medicine and become harder to treat. Fosamprenavir Suspension may improve immune system function. This may reveal hidden infections in some patients. Tell your doctor right away if you notice signs or symptoms of an infection (eg, fever, sore throat, weakness, cough, shortness of breath) after you start Fosamprenavir Suspension. Severe and sometimes life-threatening skin reactions have occurred in patients taking Fosamprenavir Suspension. Contact your doctor right away if you develop any type of skin reaction (eg, red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin). Changes in body fat (eg, an increased amount of fat in the upper back, neck, breast, and trunk, and loss of fat from the legs, arms, and face) may occur in some patients taking Fosamprenavir Suspension. The cause and long-term effects of these changes are unknown. Discuss any concerns with your doctor. Diabetes patients - Fosamprenavir Suspension may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine. Fosamprenavir Suspension may raise your blood sugar. High blood sugar may make you feel confused, drowsy, or thirsty. It can also make you flush, breathe faster, or have a fruit-like breath odor. If these symptoms occur, tell your doctor right away. Hormonal birth control (eg, birth control pills) may not work as well while you are using Fosamprenavir Suspension. To prevent pregnancy, use an extra form of birth control (eg, condoms). Lab tests, including liver function, cholesterol or triglyceride levels, white blood cell count, and blood sugar levels, may be performed while you use Fosamprenavir Suspension. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments. Caution is advised when using Fosamprenavir Suspension in CHILDREN; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially vomiting. Fosamprenavir Suspension should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 2 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Fosamprenavir Suspension while you are pregnant. It is not known if Fosamprenavir Suspension is found in breast milk. Mothers infected with HIV should not breast-feed. There is a risk of passing the HIV infection or Fosamprenavir Suspension to the baby. Possible side effects of Fosamprenavir Suspension:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Diarrhea; headache; nausea; tiredness; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); loss of appetite; signs of infection (eg, fever, chills, sore throat); swollen, reddened, or blistered skin; symptoms of a heart attack (eg, chest pain; fainting; numbness of an arm or leg; sudden, severe headache or vomiting); symptoms of kidney stones (eg, lower back or side pain, blood in the urine, painful urination); unusual increase in thirst or urination; unusual tiredness or weakness; weight loss; yellowing of the skin or eyes.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Fosamprenavir side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of Fosamprenavir Suspension:

Store Fosamprenavir Suspension in the refrigerator or at room temperature, between 41 and 86 degrees F (5 and 30 degrees C). Do not freeze. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep the container tightly closed. Do not use after the expiration date. Keep Fosamprenavir Suspension out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Fosamprenavir Suspension, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Fosamprenavir Suspension is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Fosamprenavir Suspension. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Fosamprenavir resources Fosamprenavir Side Effects (in more detail) Fosamprenavir Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Fosamprenavir Drug Interactions Fosamprenavir Support Group 0 Reviews for Fosamprenavir - Add your own review/rating Compare Fosamprenavir with other medications HIV Infection Nonoccupational Exposure
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Colidrops Drops


Pronunciation: HYE-oh-SYE-a-meen
Generic Name: Hyoscyamine
Brand Name: Examples include Hyosyne and Colidrops
Colidrops Drops are used for:

Treating certain stomach, intestinal, and bladder conditions, including spasms. It is used to control stomach secretions and cramps. It is used to relieve the symptoms of colic, runny nose, and Parkinson-like problems. It is used to treat excessive sweating or saliva production. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Colidrops Drops are an anticholinergic agent. It works by decreasing the motion of muscles in the stomach, intestines, and bladder. It also decreases the production of stomach acid.

Do NOT use Colidrops Drops if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Colidrops Drops you have severe esophagus problems (eg, irritation, narrowing); a blockage of the stomach, bowel, or bladder; bowel motility problems; or severe bowel problems (eg, severe ulcerative colitis, toxic megacolon) you have glaucoma, myasthenia gravis, or heart problems caused by severe bleeding

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Colidrops Drops:

Some medical conditions may interact with Colidrops Drops. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have nerve problems, prostate problems, esophagus problems (eg, reflux), stomach or bowel problems, heart or blood vessel problems (eg, fast or irregular heartbeat, heart failure, coronary heart disease), hiatal hernia, kidney problems, an overactive thyroid, high blood pressure, urinary problems, paralysis, or brain damage, or if you are at risk for glaucoma if you have diarrhea or fever, have been very ill, or are in poor health

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Colidrops Drops. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Amantadine, antihistamines (eg, diphenhydramine), haloperidol, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) (eg, phenelzine), other anticholinergics (eg, scopolamine), phenothiazines (eg, thioridazine), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because they may increase the risk of Colidrops Drops's side effects Narcotic pain medicines (eg, codeine) or potassium chloride because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Colidrops Drops Ketoconazole or metoclopramide because their effectiveness may be decreased by Colidrops Drops

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Colidrops Drops may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Colidrops Drops:

Use Colidrops Drops as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Colidrops Drops are usually taken 30 to 60 minutes before a meal. Follow your doctor's instructions for taking Colidrops Drops. Use the dropper that comes with Colidrops Drops to measure your dose. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose. If you also take antacids, take Colidrops Drops before meals and the antacid after meals, unless directed otherwise by your doctor. If you miss a dose of Colidrops Drops, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Colidrops Drops.

Important safety information: Colidrops Drops may cause drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, or lightheadedness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Colidrops Drops with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Colidrops Drops; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness. Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor. Do not become overheated or dehydrated in hot weather or while you are being active; heatstroke may occur. Drink plenty of fluids, maintain good oral hygiene, and suck on sugarless hard candy to relieve dry mouth. Proper dental care is important while you are taking Colidrops Drops. Brush and floss your teeth and visit the dentist regularly. Colidrops Drops may make your eyes more sensitive to sunlight. It may help to wear sunglasses. Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Colidrops Drops before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery. Use Colidrops Drops with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially constipation, trouble urinating, dry mouth, drowsiness, agitation, confusion, excitability, or memory problems. Caution is advised when using Colidrops Drops in CHILDREN; they may be more sensitive to its effects, including excitability. Colidrops Drops should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 2 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. Colidrops Drops should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 2 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: It is not known if Colidrops Drops can cause harm to the fetus. If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Colidrops Drops while you are pregnant. Colidrops Drops are found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while taking Colidrops Drops, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Colidrops Drops:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Bloated feeling; blurred vision; constipation; decreased sweating; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; enlarged pupils; excitability; headache; nausea; nervousness; trouble sleeping; weakness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); agitation; behavior changes; confusion; decreased sexual ability; diarrhea; difficulty focusing eyes; disorientation; exaggerated sense of well-being; fast or irregular heartbeat; hallucinations; loss of consciousness; loss of coordination; memory loss; mental or mood changes; severe or persistent trouble sleeping; speech changes; taste changes or loss; trouble urinating; unusual tiredness or weakness; vision changes; vomiting.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Colidrops side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include disorientation; excessive thirst or excitability; fever; hot, dry skin; seizures; severe dry mouth; severe or persistent blurred vision, dizziness, headache, nausea, or vomiting; trouble breathing or swallowing.

Proper storage of Colidrops Drops:

Store Colidrops Drops at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Colidrops Drops out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Colidrops Drops, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Colidrops Drops are to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Colidrops Drops. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Colidrops resources Colidrops Side Effects (in more detail) Colidrops Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Colidrops Drug Interactions Colidrops Support Group 0 Reviews for Colidrops - Add your own review/rating Compare Colidrops with other medications Anesthesia Crohn's Disease Endoscopy or Radiology Premedication Irritable Bowel Syndrome Urinary Incontinence
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Thorazine Tablets


Pronunciation: klor-PROE-ma-zeen
Generic Name: Chlorpromazine
Brand Name: Thorazine

Thorazine is an antipsychotic. It may increase the risk of death when used to treat mental problems caused by dementia in elderly patients. Most of the deaths were linked to heart problems or infection. Thorazine is not approved to treat mental problems caused by dementia. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.


Thorazine is used for:

Treating certain mental or mood disorders (eg, schizophrenia), the manic phase of manic-depressive disorder, anxiety and restlessness before surgery, the blood disease porphyria, severe behavioral and conduct disorders in children, nausea and vomiting, and severe hiccups. It is also used with other medicines to treat symptoms associated with tetanus. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Thorazine is a phenothiazine. It is not known exactly how it works.

Do NOT use Thorazine if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Thorazine or to other phenothiazines (eg, thioridazine) you have severe drowsiness you have recently taken large amounts of alcohol or medicines that may cause drowsiness, such as barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital) or narcotic pain medicines (eg, codeine) you are also taking amiodarone, bretylium, astemizole, cabergoline, cisapride, dofetilide, metoclopramide, pergolide, quinidine, sotalol, terfenadine, or tramadol

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Thorazine:

Some medical conditions may interact with Thorazine. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have developed severe side effects (eg, blood problems, yellowing of the skin or eyes) while taking another phenothiazine (eg, thioridazine) if you have a history of heart problems (eg, angina, mitral valve problems), high or low blood pressure, blood problems (eg, anemia), bone marrow problems (eg, low white blood cell count), diabetes, liver problems (eg, cirrhosis), kidney problems, neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS), tardive dyskinesia (TD), an enlarged prostate gland, seizures, trouble urinating, mental or mood problems (eg, depression), or an adrenal gland tumor (pheochromocytoma) if you have asthma, a lung infection, or other lung or breathing problems (eg, emphysema); or increased pressure in the eyes or glaucoma, or if you are at risk of glaucoma if you have Alzheimer disease, dementia, Parkinson disease, or Reye syndrome if you have had high blood prolactin levels or a history of certain types of cancer (eg, breast, pancreas, pituitary, brain), or if you are at risk of breast cancer if you are in poor health or are regularly exposed to extreme heat or certain insecticides (organophosphorus insecticides) if you have a history of alcohol abuse, drink alcohol, or are in alcohol withdrawal if you will be having or have recently had a myelogram (x-ray of the spinal cord) if you take any medicine that may increase the risk of a certain type of irregular heartbeat (prolonged QT interval). Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure if any of your medicines may increase the risk of this type of irregular heartbeat

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Thorazine. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Many prescription and nonprescription medicines (eg, used for allergies, blood clotting problems, cancer, infections, inflammation, aches and pains, heart problems, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, irregular heartbeat, mental or mood problems, nausea or vomiting, Parkinson disease, seizures, stomach or bowel problems, overactive bladder), multivitamin products, and herbal or dietary supplements (eg, herbal teas, coenzyme Q10, garlic, ginseng, gingko, St. John's wort) may interact with Thorazine. Ask your doctor if you are unsure if any of your medicines may interact with Thorazine.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Thorazine may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Thorazine:

Use Thorazine as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Thorazine by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation. If you miss a dose of Thorazine and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Thorazine.

Important safety information: Thorazine may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Thorazine with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. Do NOT take more than the recommended dose without checking with your doctor. Do not drink alcohol while you are using Thorazine. Check with your doctor before you use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Thorazine; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness. Thorazine may cause dizziness, light-headedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects. Do not become overheated in hot weather or while you are being active; heatstroke may occur. Thorazine may cause you to become sunburned more easily. Avoid the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to Thorazine. Use a sunscreen or wear protective clothing if you must be outside for more than a short time. Thorazine may lower the ability of your body to fight infection. Avoid contact with people who have colds or infections. Tell your doctor if you notice signs of infection like fever, sore throat, rash, or chills. Some patients who take Thorazine may develop muscle movements that they cannot control. This is more likely to happen in elderly patients, especially women. The chance that this will happen or that it will become permanent is greater in those who take Thorazine in higher doses or for a long time. Muscle problems may also occur after short-term treatment with low doses. Tell your doctor at once if you have muscle problems with your arms; legs; or your tongue, face, mouth, or jaw (eg, tongue sticking out, puffing of cheeks, mouth puckering, chewing movements) while taking Thorazine. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a possibly fatal syndrome that can be caused by Thorazine. Symptoms may include fever; stiff muscles; confusion; abnormal thinking; fast or irregular heartbeat; and sweating. Contact your doctor at once if you have any of these symptoms. Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Thorazine before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery. Thorazine may increase the amount of a certain hormone (prolactin) in your blood. Symptoms may include enlarged breasts, missed menstrual period, decreased sexual ability, or nipple discharge. Contact your doctor right away if you experience any of these symptoms. Thorazine may raise or lower your blood sugar. High blood sugar may make you feel confused, drowsy, or thirsty. It can also make you flush, breathe faster, or have a fruit-like breath odor. Low blood sugar may make you anxious, sweaty, weak, dizzy, drowsy, or faint. It may also make your vision change; give you a headache, chills, or tremors; or make you hungrier. If these symptoms occur, tell your doctor right away. Diabetes patients - Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine. Thorazine may cause the results of some pregnancy tests to be wrong. Check with your doctor if you have questions or concerns about your pregnancy test results. Thorazine may interfere with certain lab tests, including phenylketonuria (PKU) tests. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are taking Thorazine. Lab tests, including liver and kidney function tests, complete blood cell counts, and eye exams, may be performed while you use Thorazine. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments. Use Thorazine with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially confusion; dizziness or light-headedness, especially upon standing; drowsiness; fainting; trouble urinating; uncontrolled muscle movements; and constipation. Thorazine should not be used in CHILDREN younger than 6 months old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Thorazine while you are pregnant. Using Thorazine during the third trimester may result in uncontrolled muscle movements or withdrawal symptoms in the newborn. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor. Thorazine is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Thorazine.

If you stop taking Thorazine suddenly and you have been taking it regularly or in high doses, you may have WITHDRAWAL symptoms. These may include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, stomach upset, and tremors.

Possible side effects of Thorazine:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Agitation; constipation; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; enlarged pupils; jitteriness; nausea; stuffy nose.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest or throat; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness; wheezing); chest pain; confusion; decreased coordination; drooling; fainting; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; mask-like face; muscle spasms of the face, neck, or back; muscle weakness; new or worsening mental or mood problems; numbness of an arm or leg; prolonged or painful erection; restlessness; seizures; severe or persistent constipation; severe or persistent dizziness, drowsiness, or headache; shuffling walk; sleeplessness; stiff or rigid muscles; sudden shortness of breath; swelling of the hands, ankles, or feet; symptoms of infection (eg, fever, chills, persistent sore throat); symptoms of liver problems (eg, yellowing of the skin or eyes; dark urine; pale stools; severe or persistent nausea, stomach pain, or loss of appetite); tremor; trouble urinating; twisting or twitching movements; uncontrolled muscle movements (eg, twitching of the face or tongue; loss of balance; uncontrolled movements of arms or legs; trouble speaking, breathing, or swallowing); unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual eye movements or inability to move eyes; unusual or excessive sweating; unusual tiredness or weakness; unusually pale skin; vision changes (eg, blurred vision).

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Thorazine side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include agitation; coma; confusion; difficulty breathing; fainting; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; loss of consciousness; muscle spasms or uncontrolled muscle movements; restlessness; seizures; severe constipation or stomach pain; severe drowsiness or dizziness; tremors; or trouble urinating.

Proper storage of Thorazine:

Store Thorazine at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C), in a tightly closed container. Brief storage at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is permitted. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Thorazine out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Thorazine, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Thorazine is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. If using Thorazine for an extended period of time, obtain refills before your supply runs out. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Thorazine. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Thorazine resources Thorazine Side Effects (in more detail) Thorazine Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Drug Images Thorazine Drug Interactions Thorazine Support Group 7 Reviews for Thorazine - Add your own review/rating Compare Thorazine with other medications Hiccups Light Sedation Mania Nausea/Vomiting Opiate Withdrawal Porphyria Psychosis Schizophrenia Tetanus
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Gastrinex


Pronunciation: a-mah-LASE/LYE-pase/PRO-tee-ase/SEL-ue-lase/HYE-oh-SYE-a-meen/fen-il-tole-OX-a-meen
Generic Name: Amylase/Lipase/Protease/Cellulase/Hyoscyamine/Phenyltoloxamine
Brand Name: Examples include Digex and Gastrinex
Gastrinex is used for:

Relieving symptoms of indigestion (eg, feeling of fullness, gas, bloating) that occur after meals.

Gastrinex is a digestive enzyme and anticholinergic combination. It works by helping the body to digest protein, starch, and fat. It also decreases bowel spasms.

Do NOT use Gastrinex if: you are allergic to any ingredient in Gastrinex or to pork protein you have inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) or a flare-up of long-term pancreas problems you have severe esophagus problems (eg, irritation, narrowing); a blockage of the stomach, bowel, or bladder; bowel motility problems; or severe bowel problems (eg, severe ulcerative colitis, toxic megacolon) you have glaucoma, myasthenia gravis, or heart problems caused by severe bleeding

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using Gastrinex:

Some medical conditions may interact with Gastrinex. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances if you have a history of pancreas problems, stomach or bowel problems (eg, blockage, short bowel syndrome), or cystic fibrosis if you have nerve problems, prostate problems, esophagus problems (eg, reflux), heart or blood vessel problems (eg, fast or irregular heartbeat, heart failure, coronary heart disease), hiatal hernia, kidney problems, an overactive thyroid, high blood pressure, urinary problems, paralysis, or brain damage, or if you are at risk for glaucoma if you have diarrhea or fever, have been very ill, or are in poor health

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Gastrinex. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

Amantadine, antihistamines (eg, diphenhydramine), haloperidol, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) (eg, phenelzine), other anticholinergics (eg, scopolamine), phenothiazines (eg, thioridazine), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because they may increase the risk of Gastrinex's side effects Narcotic pain medicines (eg, codeine) or potassium chloride because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Gastrinex Ketoconazole or metoclopramide because their effectiveness may be decreased by Gastrinex

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Gastrinex may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Gastrinex:

Use Gastrinex as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Take Gastrinex by mouth with each meal or snack as directed by your doctor. If you miss a dose of Gastrinex, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once or take a dose without a snack or a meal.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Gastrinex.

Important safety information: Gastrinex may cause drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, or lightheadedness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Gastrinex with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it. Check with your doctor before you drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Gastrinex; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness. Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor. If you open the capsule, do not breathe in the powder. Some patients may experience an asthma attack or severe allergic reaction (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue) from breathing in the powder. Do not become overheated or dehydrated in hot weather or while you are being active; heatstroke may occur. Drink plenty of fluids, maintain good oral hygiene, and suck on sugarless hard candy to relieve dry mouth. Proper dental care is important while you are taking Gastrinex. Brush and floss your teeth and visit the dentist regularly. Gastrinex may make your eyes more sensitive to sunlight. It may help to wear sunglasses. Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Gastrinex before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery. Contact your doctor if you have loose stools while you take Gastrinex. Your doctor may need to decrease your dose. Use Gastrinex with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially constipation, trouble urinating, dry mouth, drowsiness, agitation, confusion, excitability, or memory problems. Caution is advised when using Gastrinex in CHILDREN; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially excitability. PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: It is not known if Gastrinex can cause harm to the fetus. If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Gastrinex while you are pregnant. Gastrinex is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Gastrinex, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby. Possible side effects of Gastrinex:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Blurred vision; constipation; decreased sweating; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; enlarged pupils; excitability; headache; nausea; nervousness; trouble sleeping; weakness.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); agitation; behavior changes; confusion; decreased sexual ability; difficulty focusing eyes; disorientation; exaggerated sense of well-being; fast or irregular heartbeat; hallucinations; loss of consciousness; loss of coordination; memory loss; mental or mood changes; severe or persistent loose stools or diarrhea; severe or persistent stomach pain; severe or persistent trouble sleeping; speech changes; taste changes or loss; trouble urinating; unusual tiredness or weakness; vision changes; vomiting.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

See also: Gastrinex side effects (in more detail)

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include diarrhea; disorientation; excessive thirst or excitability; fever; hot, dry skin; seizures; severe dry mouth; severe or persistent blurred vision, dizziness, headache, nausea, or vomiting; trouble breathing or swallowing.

Proper storage of Gastrinex:

Store Gastrinex at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Gastrinex out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information: If you have any questions about Gastrinex, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. Gastrinex is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people. If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor. Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Gastrinex. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: February 1, 2012 Database Edition 12.1.1.002 Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. More Gastrinex resources Gastrinex Side Effects (in more detail) Gastrinex Use in Pregnancy & Breastfeeding Gastrinex Drug Interactions Gastrinex Support Group 0 Reviews for Gastrinex - Add your own review/rating Compare Gastrinex with other medications Functional Gastric Disorder
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